Bajirao served as the Prime Minister (Peshwa) of the fourth emperor, Chhatrapati Shahu Raje Bhonsle, of the Maratha sovereignty. He was the most influential one of the nine Peshwas from the Bhat family.
In his brief military career of 20 years, Peshwa Bajiarao directed 41 battles, without losing even one of them. He secured immortal fame by expanding the Maratha Empire.
The Peshwa belonged from the Bhat family of Chitpavan Brahmin ancestry. His father, Balaji Viswanath, was the first Peshwa of Chhatrapati Shahu. The name of his mother was Radhabai. He also had a younger brother named Chimaji Appa.
Kashibai was the first wife of Peshwa Bajirao. The couple had three sons named Raghunath Rao, Balaji Bajirao and Janardan Rao.
Bajirao fell in love with Hindu raja Chhatrasal’s daughter Mastani. Mastani’s mother, Ruhana Bai was a Persian Muslim. Bajirao was deeply in love with Mastani and they got married. Mastani was highly talented in music, dance, literature and warfare.
Bajirao’s orthodox Brahmin family never liked the idea of Peshwa marrying Mastani, who was a half Muslim. Bajirao built a palace for her in Pune, which was named the Mastani Mahal. They had a son named Samsher Bahadur.
On April 28th, 1740, the Peshwa died of a sudden fever, probably heat stroke, while inspecting his lands at Khargon. The stress of being away from his wife Mastani added to his decling health.
Bajirao – Real Pictures (Painting and Statues)